Dr. Péter DARÁK, President of the Curia of Hungary convoked the solemn Plenary Session of Curia justices on the 3rd of April 2012 with the aim to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the restitution of the Hungarian Royal Curia.
In his solemn address, the President of the Curia pointed out that the reinstatement of the Hungarian royal high court in 1861 had been an important step towards the independence of the Hungarian judiciary and, furthermore, towards the sovereignty of the Hungarian State. During its functioning between 1861 and 1949, the Hungarian Royal Curia had significantly contributed to forward-looking legislative reforms and the development of case-law, while the socialist regime overshadowed the work of the Supreme Court of the People’s Republic of Hungary. The 1990 political change of regime and subsequent judicial reforms sought to strengthen the role of the Supreme Court, which ultimately led to the re-establishment of the Curia of Hungary as of the 1st of January 2012.
The President of the Curia emphasised that the supreme judicial body had been given new powers to pass decisions in cases where local government decrees violate legal rules, to pass decisions in cases where the local government fails to legislate as laid down in the Act on Local Governments, to deal with legal remedies in referendum-related cases and to determine the procedural method of reviewing a judicial decision, declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court as a result of a successful constitutional complaint.
The President of the Curia also noted that the novel possibility of submitting constitutional complaints against judicial decisions would compel Curia justices to better take into consideration constitutional principles and provisions.
As regards the future tasks of the Curia, Dr. DARÁK stressed that the newly created jurisprudence-analysing working groups would play an important role in harmonising Hungarian case-law, and the Curia would seek to deepen its relations with the Constitutional Court, lower instance courts and the top representatives of other legal professions.
In conclusion, the President of the Curia recalled in his speech that all the above reforms should serve one purpose – to ensure that court decisions ultimately promote justice and fairness.
Budapest, the third of April 2012
Press Office of the Curia of Hungary